A positive HIV test result means you have HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), the infection that causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). Being infected with HIV does not mean you have AIDS now. However, when left untreated, HIV infection damages an individual’s invulnerable environment and can progress to AIDS.
What is AIDS?
Help is the most genuine phase of getting infected with HIV. It results from the spraying of the resistant framework of the contaminated individual. Your invulnerable frame is the protective frame of your body. The cells of your strong bones prevent contamination and various diseases. In the event that your security framework does not perform admirably, you are in danger of genuine and dangerous contaminations and malignant tumors. HIV attacks and destroys the disease-fighting cells of the secure setting, leaving the body with weakened protection against disease and malignancy.
What infection-fighting cells does HIV attack?
CD4 cells are a kind of white platelet that fights disease. HIV executes these cells. They are also called CD4 + T lymphocytes or CD4 T lymphocytes. A CD4 check is the amount of CD4 cells in an example of blood. The CD4 count tells us how well your tough frame is performing. The moment HIV enters an individual’s CD4 cells, it uses the cells to duplicate itself. This cycle crushes CD4 cells and CD4 control decreases. When you lose CD4 cells, your resistant structure becomes powerless. A weakened secure frame makes it harder for your body to fight off contaminations and disease. CD4 cells should have as many cells as possible. This is because even people without HIV can get this requested blood test. I have lupus myself and we incorporate this intermittent blood test to see how well or inefficient my resistant frame is. A typical range for CD4 cells is around 500 to 1500.
How will I know if I have AIDS?
Help is not something you can do on your own; it is analyzed when the safe framework is seriously weakened. If you are infected with HIV and your CD4 count drops below 200 cells / mm3, or if you develop a condition characterizing AIDS (an unusual disease in a person not infected with HIV), you have AIDS. .
What are the conditions characterizing AIDS?
In December 2002, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) distributed the largest overview of conditions characterizing AIDS. It might now incorporate different diseases, but these are still the most widely recognized. The conditions characterizing AIDS are:
- Cervical malignant growth (intrusive)
- Coccidioidomycosis, cryptococcosis, cryptosporidiosis
- Cytomegalovirus disease
- Encephalopathy (related to HIV)
- Herpes simplex (serious illness)
- Kaposi’s sarcoma
- Lymphoma (specific types)
- Mycobacterium avium complex
- Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP)
- Pneumonia (intermittent)
- Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
- Salmonella sepsis (intermittent)
- Toxoplasmosis of the brain
- Emaciated disorder
People who are not infected with HIV can also develop these diseases; it doesn’t mean they have AIDS. To be determined to have AIDS, a person must be infected with HIV.
What is HIV treatment?
Treatment for HIV is the use of drugs to maintain the sound of a person infected with HIV. Treatment can help people with all stages of HIV disease. Although hostile to anti-HIV drugs can treat HIV disease, they cannot repair HIV contamination. Treating HIV is complicated and should be tailored to you and your needs. Your “mixed drink” contemplation may be totally different from that of a companion who is also HIV positive.
The data in this article provide data on HIV treatment. When to start prescribing, what drugs are used, how to tell if the treatment is working and what should be possible if your treatment does not work is done on an extremely singular principle. Talk to your medical service provider or a compelling infection professional about your own situation. Your contemplation mix could possibly be adjusted.
There are supportive gatherings (in the neighborhood and on the web) that your irresistible Infection Master can point out to you. Many people find them helpful and comforting.
Remember that new drugs are constantly being devised, endless individuals can live long and well with HIV.
Read my article on HIV and insect transmission for this data.
For more data:
Contact your irresistible disease specialist or US AIDS data specialist at 1-800-448-0440 or http://aidsinfo.nih.gov
Amy Otis, BSN, IA, MPH
Amy is a clinical assistant physician and registered nurse with her strong in infectious diseases. She holds a master’s degree in public health. She teaches patients with HIV / AIDS how to live with HIV without communicating their illness.
Her new site is Beingwoman.net – Your Guide to Healthier Living. Sex-Ed101.org Stop, maybe you could master something.